International air cargo, whose networks are based on the 130 U.S. open-air agreements, is one of the fastest and safest ways to move important goods around the world while minimizing the risk of transmission of the COVID 19 virus. During this crisis, open-ski agreements are essential to the ability of governments, health care providers and everyday citizens to respond to changing conditions across the country. "Open skies agreements" are bilateral or multilateral agreements between the U.S. government and foreign governments that allow travelers to use foreign airlines from those countries for state-funded international travel. Open skies agreements have significantly increased international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States, encouraging more travel and trade, increasing productivity and boosting employment opportunities and quality economic growth. Open skies agreements do this by eliminating state intervention in airline business decisions about routes, capacity and prices, and by enabling airlines to provide consumers with more affordable, convenient and efficient services. Agreements with Australia, Switzerland and Japan allow the use of an Australian, Swiss or Japanese air carrier for international travel between the United States and these countries as long as there is no "City Pair" fare between the cities of origin and destination. The contract disappointed European airlines because they felt chosen for US airlines: while US airlines are allowed to operate flights within the EU (when it is an all-cargo flight or a passenger flight, if this is the second leg of a flight launched in the United States), European airlines are not allowed to fly intra-U.S. flights, nor can they acquire a controlling interest in the an American operator.  The agreement replaced and replaced the old open skies agreements between the United States and some European countries. More than 100 U.S.
Open Skies agreements have brought millions of new international visitors to the United States and supported more than 15 million tourism and hospitality jobs in the United States. According to the U.S. Travel Association, 75 million international visitors spent nearly $250 billion in 2016 in the United States, benefiting a large number of travel agencies such as hotels, car rental agencies, restaurants and retailers. The addition of a large-scale daily flight, which mainly carries foreign tourists, can result in direct expenditures of $65 million, or $117 million in the United States.